Endocytic trafficking of chemokine receptors Journal Article

Author: Marchese, A
Article Title: Endocytic trafficking of chemokine receptors
Abstract: Chemokine receptors belong to the super family of G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs). The cognate ligands for chemokine receptors are small circulating proteins known as chemokines. Upon binding to their cognate chemokines, receptors are rapidly desensitized, internalized onto early endosomes and sorted either into a recycling pathway or degradative pathway. Chemokine receptor trafficking is essential because it limits the magnitude and duration of signaling by removing receptors from the cell surface thereby limiting access to their ligands, but it also delivers bound chemokines to lysosomes for degradation. Receptor sorting into the recycling pathway contributes to resensitization of receptor signaling, whereas sorting into the degradative pathway leads to long-term attenuation of signaling. Recent studies have revealed some key information regarding the molecular determinants mediating chemokine receptor internalization and have shed light on the mechanisms dictating sorting into either the recycling or degradative pathways. Here I discuss our current understanding of the mechanisms mediating chemokine receptor trafficking with a focus primarily on recent findings for the chemokine receptor CXCR4.
Journal Title: Current opinion in cell biology
Volume: 27C
ISSN: 1879-0410; 0955-0674
Publisher: Elsevier Inc  
Date Published: 2014
Start Page: 72
End Page: 77
Language: ENG
Notes: CI: Copyright (c) 2013; GR: R01 GM075159/GM/NIGMS NIH HHS/United States; GR: R01 GM106727/GM/NIGMS NIH HHS/United States; JID: 8913428; 2013/09/17 [received]; 2013/11/15 [revised]; 2013/11/24 [accepted]; 2013/12/14 [aheadofprint]; ppublish