The Role of Multisystem Disease in Composition of Autologous Serum tears and ocular surface symptom improvement. Journal Article


Authors: Ripa, M; Jabbehdari, S; Yazdanpanah, G; Lukacs, E; Karcher, B; Iqbal, O; Bouchard, C
Article Title: The Role of Multisystem Disease in Composition of Autologous Serum tears and ocular surface symptom improvement.
Abstract: PURPOSE: Autologous serum tears (AST) contain growth factors and vitamins similar to those in healthy tears and are an effective treatment option for ocular surface disease. This study determined the differences in composition of AST in patients with systemic diseases versus patients with localized ocular surface diseases and the effects on ocular surface symptom improvement. METHOD: An observational study was performed on 53 patients with either systemic diseases (Group I) or localized ocular surface diseases (Group II) who were prescribed AST. Concentrations of epidermal growth factor (EGF), interleukin 8 (IL-8), fibronectin, vitamin A, and tumor necrosis factor-a (TNF-a) were determined through ELISA assays from patients in both groups. The Ocular Surface Disease Index (OSDI) scores were calculated prior to and 6 weeks after initiation of treatment with AST for new patients. RESULTS: The average concentration of EGF in Group I (29.39 pg/ml ± 52.85 pg/ml) was significantly lower than in Group II (88.04 pg/ml ±113.75 pg/ml) (p  0.05). Levels of fibronectin, IL-8, and vitamin A were similar in both groups. There was a 24% reduction in OSDI score 6 weeks after initiation in Group I compared to a 36% reduction reported in Group II (p = 0.065). The OSDI score was reduced significantly after the treatment in all subjects (p = 0.002). CONCLUSION: Serum tears are a promising therapy for management of ocular surface disease and associated symptoms. The differences between levels of EGF in patients with localized ocular surface disease and systemic inflammatory disease may account for differences in therapeutic outcome.
Journal Title: The ocular surface
ISSN: 1937-5913; 1542-0124
Publisher: Unknown  
Date Published: 2020
LUC Authors
  1. Omer Iqbal
    25 Iqbal
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