Myocardial infarction sensitizes medial prefrontal cortex to inhibitory effect of locus coeruleus stimulation in rats Journal Article


Authors: Glasgow, J.; Koshman, Y.; Samarel, A. M.; Tseng, K. Y.; Scrogin, K.
Article Title: Myocardial infarction sensitizes medial prefrontal cortex to inhibitory effect of locus coeruleus stimulation in rats
Abstract: RATIONALE: Anxiety is a common comorbidity that develops after myocardial infarction and is now an established independent risk factor for cardiovascular mortality. OBJECTIVE: Here, we assessed anxiety and mapped neural activity of forebrain regions that regulate anxiety in a rat model of myocardial infarction in order to identify sites of dysregulation. METHODS: Anxiety responses to novel (open field) or aversive stimuli (discriminative auditory fear conditioning) were assessed in rats subjected to coronary artery ligation (CAL) or sham ligation. Forebrain metabolic activity was measured by cytochrome oxidase (CO) histochemistry. Changes in CO activity and the incidence of ventricular arrhythmias were also assessed during modulation of fear circuitry induced by electrical stimulation of the locus coeruleus. RESULTS: Coronary artery ligation had negligible effects on open-field behavior, but increased expression of learned fear and impaired fear cue discrimination. Cytochrome oxidase activity was increased in the medial prefrontal cortex and in the lateral amygdala after CAL. Locus coeruleus stimulation reduced CO activity in the infralimbic medial prefrontal cortex only in rats subjected to CAL. Stimulation of the LC also elicited new ventricular arrhythmias in rats subjected to CAL. CONCLUSION: Coronary artery ligation sensitizes the infralimbic medial prefrontal cortex to the inhibitory effects of locus coeruleus stimulation. Suppression of infralimbic medial prefrontal cortical activity may impair the ability of rats subjected to CAL to discriminate between cues that signal aversive and neutral events which, in turn, may promote excessive sympathetic activation of the cardiovascular system in response to innocuous stimuli.
Journal Title: Psychopharmacology
ISSN: 1432-2072; 0033-3158
Publisher: Unknown  
Date Published: 2016
Language: ENG
DOI/URL:
Notes: LR: 20160508; JID: 7608025; OTO: NOTNLM; 2015/08/31 [received]; 2016/04/20 [accepted]; 2016/05/06 [aheadofprint]; aheadofprint
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