Increased fibrosis and progression to heart failure in MRL mice following ischemia/reperfusion injury Journal Article

Authors: Smiley, D.; Smith, M. A.; Carreira, V.; Jiang, M.; Koch, S. E.; Kelley, M.; Rubinstein, J.; Jones, W. K.; Tranter, M.
Article Title: Increased fibrosis and progression to heart failure in MRL mice following ischemia/reperfusion injury
Abstract: The cardiac regenerative capacity of MRL/MpJ mouse remains a controversy. Although the MRL mouse has been reported to exhibit minimal scarring and subsequent cardiac regeneration after cryoinjury of the right ventricle, multiple studies have been unable to replicate this cardiac regenerative capacity after both cryogenic and coronary ligation cardiac injury. Therefore, we evaluated the cardiac regenerative wound-healing response and functional recovery of MRL mice compared to C57 mice, in response to a clinically relevant left ventricular (LV) coronary ligation. Male MRL/MpJ+/+ and C57BL/6 mice underwent left coronary artery ligation followed by reperfusion. Cardiac function was evaluated by echocardiography [LV ejection fraction (LVEF), LV end-diastolic volume (LVEDV), LV mass, wall thickness] at 24 hours post-ischemia and weekly for 13 weeks thereafter. Hearts were also analyzed histologically for individual cardiomyocyte hypertrophy and cardiac fibrosis. Our results show that contrary to prior reports of cardiac regenerations, MRL mice progress to heart failure more rapidly following I/R injury as marked by a significant decrease in LVEF, increase in LVEDV, LV mass, individual myocyte size, and fibrosis in the post-ischemic myocardium. Therefore, we conclude that MRL mice do not exhibit regeneration of the LV or enhanced functional improvement in response to coronary ligation. However, unlike prior studies, we matched initial infarct size in MRL and C57 mice, used high frequency echocardiography, and histological analysis to reach this conclusion. The prospect of cardiac regeneration after ischemia in MRL mice seems to have attenuated interest, given the multiple negative studies and the promise of stem cell cardiac regeneration. However, our novel observation that MRL may possess an impaired compensated hypertrophy response makes the MRL mouse strain an interesting model in the study of cardiac hypertrophy.
Journal Title: Cardiovascular pathology : the official journal of the Society for Cardiovascular Pathology
Volume: 23
Issue: 6
ISSN: 1879-1336; 1054-8807
Publisher: Elsevier Inc  
Journal Place: United States
Date Published: 2014
Start Page: 327
End Page: 334
Language: eng
Notes: CI: Copyright (c) 2014; JID: 9212060; OTO: NOTNLM; 2014/04/14 [received]; 2014/06/05 [revised]; 2014/06/05 [accepted]; 2014/06/13 [aheadofprint]; ppublish