The Relationship Between Gestational Diabetes and Antenatal Depression Journal Article

Authors: Byrn, Mary; Penckofer, Sue
Article Title: The Relationship Between Gestational Diabetes and Antenatal Depression
Abstract: ABSTRACT Objective To determine whether women with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) had more symptoms of depression than women without GDM. A secondary aim was to determine if factors predictive of symptoms of depression in women with GDM were different than women without GDM. Design A cross sectional, descriptive design was used. Setting An outpatient clinic at an academic medical center. Participants The sample included 135 pregnant women between 24 and 40 weeks gestation, of which 65 had GDM and 70 did not. Methods The Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Screen (EPDS) was used to measure symptoms of depression in pregnant women attending routine prenatal care visits. Descriptive statistics, logistic regression, and multiple regressions were done to analyze the data. Results Twenty percent of women with GDM and 13% of women without GDM had significant symptoms of depression. Women with GDM were 3.79 times more likely to have a history of depression (95% confidence interval CI] 1.07, 13.45], p = .04) than women without GDM after controlling for age, income, marital status, body mass index, and gravida. Trait anxiety and perceived stress were significant predictor factors of symptoms of depression ( R2 = .82, p .001) for women with and without GDM. Conclusions Results suggest that symptoms of depression are common during the antepartum period, thus assessment and education regarding this disorder are important. In addition, a history of depression may be a risk factor for the development of GDM.
Journal Title: JOGNN: Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic Neonatal Nursing
Volume: 44
Issue: 2
ISSN: 0884-2175
Publisher: Unknown  
Journal Place: Malden, Massachusetts
Date Published: 2015
Start Page: 246
End Page: 255 10p
Language: English
Notes: ID: 8196; ID: 103769745