Commonly asked questions: imaging stroke and other types of neurovascular disorders Journal Article

Authors: Chaney, K. A.; Rosenblum, J.
Article Title: Commonly asked questions: imaging stroke and other types of neurovascular disorders
Abstract: The medical management of patients requiring imaging of the head is often complex. This is confounded by growth and development of neuroimaging technology. Summarizing established guidelines and provided answers to commonly asked questions about neurovascular imaging may aid in providing efficient medical care. Noncontrast head computed tomography (CT) is usually the first line in imaging because of its speed and wide-spread availability. More advanced techniques are reserved for more specific questions or when the CT head is non-diagnostic. MRI is the modality of choice for indications that include chronic headache, pulsatile tinnitus, and cerebrovascular diseases including stroke in the subacute or chronic setting. The imaging of stroke is evolving and many advanced techniques including CT and magnetic resonance perfusion are playing an increasing role in diagnosis. Digital subtraction angiography is widely accepted as the gold standard for evaluation of vascular pathology including aneurysm, vascular malformations, Moyamoya syndrome, carotid stenosis and dissection; and offers treatment options. Alternatives such as MR angiography, MR venography, and CT angiography offer similar sensitivity and specificity to conventional digital subtraction angiography. Safety considerations are an important concern. When using iodinated and gadolinium contrast agents, there are potential complications including allergic reactions, lactic acidosis, and nephrogenic systemic fibrosis. Impaired renal function requires modification in the use of contrast during neuroimaging. Neuroimaging during pregnancy is also discussed.
Journal Title: Expert Review of Neurotherapeutics
Volume: 14
Issue: 3
ISSN: 1744-8360
Publisher: Unknown  
Journal Place: England
Date Published: 2014
Start Page: 277
End Page: 286
Language: eng
Notes: JID: 101129944; 2014/02/04 [aheadofprint]; ppublish
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