Providing MR Imaging for Cervical Cancer Brachytherapy: Lessons for Radiologists. Journal Article

Authors: Sullivan, T; Yacoub, JH; Harkenrider, MM; Small, W; Surucu, M; Shea, SM
Article Title: Providing MR Imaging for Cervical Cancer Brachytherapy: Lessons for Radiologists.
Abstract: Brachytherapy (BT), the use of a locally placed or implanted radioactive source for treatment of an adjacent tumor, is an important component in the treatment of patients with both early- and advanced-stage cervical cancer and is increasingly part of the standard treatment protocol. When it is feasible, many radiation oncologists choose to include a magnetic resonance (MR) imaging examination for planning BT treatment (ie, an MR imaging examination after placement of the applicator but before radiation dosing). MR imaging provides excellent soft-tissue contrast and allows radiation oncologists to individualize the radiation dose to the target volume and minimize the dose to adjacent organs that are at risk for radiation damage. However, traditionally, the radiology department has not performed imaging studies for planning, and the requirements are different compared with those of standard diagnostic imaging. In addition, many applicators are available for use in BT treatment of cervical cancer, and each must considered separately to determine MR safety and to define the best imaging parameters. Starting and supporting a robust gynecologic BT program includes implementing imaging protocols that are helpful to both radiation oncologists and diagnostic radiologists. By becoming more familiar with this treatment modality and the logistics of imaging patients undergoing BT, radiologists can provide imaging support for colleagues in the radiation oncology department and better care for patients. RSNA, 2018.
Journal Title: Radiographics : a review publication of the Radiological Society of North America, Inc
ISSN: 1527-1323; 0271-5333
Publisher: Unknown  
Date Published: 2018