Mouse urothelial genes associated with voiding behavior changes after ovariectomy and bladder lipopolysaccharide exposure. Journal Article


Authors: Acevedo-Alvarez, M; Yeh, J; Alvarez-Lugo, L; Lu, M; Sukumar, N; Hill, WG; Chai, TC
Article Title: Mouse urothelial genes associated with voiding behavior changes after ovariectomy and bladder lipopolysaccharide exposure.
Abstract: AIMS: Symptoms from overactive bladder (OAB) and cystitis secondary to urinary tract infection (UTI) can be similar in post-menopausal women. Effects of ovariectomy (OVX) on voiding behavior after lipopolysaccharide (LPS) intravesical exposure (surrogate for cystitis) in mice were measured. Urothelial genes associated with micturition changes were identified. METHODS: Female C57BL6/J mice underwent OVX or sham surgeries (n?=?10 for each). Voiding spot assays (VSA) were performed prior to surgery, 4 weeks post-surgery, and each time after 3 consecutive days of transurethral instillation of LPS. In another experiment, mice underwent either sham (n?=?9) or OVX (n?=?9) surgeries. Urothelial RNAs were collected 4 weeks post-surgery, day 1 and day 3 after LPS instillation. Mouse Gene 2.0 ST Arrays (entire 34?K transcripts) were used for microarray hybridization. A set of criteria was utilized to identify gene expression changes that mimicked voiding behavior changes. RESULTS: Three days after LPS exposure, OVX mice persisted with overactive whereas sham mice normalized voiding behavior. Nine urothelial paralleling voiding behavior changes were identified: IL6 (interleukin 6), IL6ra (Interleukin 6 receptor a), Ptgs2 (Prostaglandin-endoperoxide synthase 2 or COX-2), Ereg (epiregulin), Dusp6 (dual specificity phosphatase 6), Zfp948 (zinc finger protein 948), Zfp52 (Zinc finger protein 52), Gch1 (GTP cyclohydrolase 1), and Amd (S-adenosylmethionine decarboxylase). Three other genes, coding unknown proteins, were also identified: GM12840, GM23134, and GM26809. CONCLUSIONS: OVX mice persisted with increased voiding frequency after LPS. Urothelial genes that could mediate this voiding behavior include IL6, COX-2, and S-adenosylmethionine decarboxylase.
Journal Title: Neurourology and urodynamics
ISSN: 1520-6777; 0733-2467
Publisher: Wiley Periodicals, Inc  
Date Published: 2018