Whole-Genome Sequencing of and Clinical Isolates from Egypt. Journal Article

Authors: Montelongo, C; Mores, CR; Putonti, C; Wolfe, AJ; Abouelfetouh, A
Article Title: Whole-Genome Sequencing of and Clinical Isolates from Egypt.
Abstract: Infections caused by antibiotic-resistant are a global concern. This is true in the Middle East, where increasingly resistant Staphylococcus aureus and Staphylococcus haemolyticus strains have been detected. While extensive surveys have revealed the prevalence of infections caused by antibiotic-resistant staphylococci in Europe, Asia, and North America, the population structure of antibiotic-resistant staphylococci recovered from patients and clinical settings in Egypt remains uncharacterized. We performed whole-genome sequencing of 56 S. aureus and 10 S. haemolyticus isolates from Alexandria Main University Hospital; 46 of the S. aureus genomes and all 10 of the genomes carry , which confers methicillin resistance. Supplemented with additional publicly available genomes from the other parts of the Middle East (34 S. aureus and 6 ), we present the largest genomic study to date of staphylococcal isolates from the Middle East. These genomes include 20 S. aureus multilocus sequence types (MLST), including 3 new ones. They also include 9 MLSTs, including 1 new one. Phylogenomic analyses of each species' core genome largely mirrored those of the MLSTs, irrespective of geographical origin. The hospital-acquired t037/ST239-SCC III/MLST CC8 clone represented the largest clade, comprising 22% of the S. aureus isolates. Like S. aureus genome surveys of other regions, these isolates from the Middle East have an open pangenome, a strong indicator of gene exchange of virulence factors and antibiotic resistance genes with other reservoirs. Our genome analyses will inform antibiotic stewardship and infection control plans in the Middle East. Staphylococci are understudied despite their prevalence within the Middle East. Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) is endemic to hospitals in Egypt, as are other antibiotic-resistant strains of S. aureus and . To provide insight into the strains circulating in Egypt, we performed whole-genome sequencing of 56 S. aureus and 10 isolates from Alexandria Main University Hospital. Through analysis of these genomes, as well as all available S. aureus and genomes from the Middle East (?=?40), we were able to produce a picture of the diversity in this region more complete than those afforded by traditional molecular typing strategies. For example, we identified 4 new MLSTs. Most strains harbored genes associated with multidrug resistance, toxin production, biofilm formation, and immune evasion. These data provide invaluable insight for future antibiotic stewardship and infection control within the Middle East.
Journal Title: Microbiology spectrum
Publisher: Unknown  
Date Published: 2022