Polycystin-2 (PC2) is a key determinant of in-vitro myogenesis. Journal Article

Authors: Marquez-Nogueras, KM; Vuchkovska, V; DiNello, E; Osorio-Valencia, S; Kuo, IY
Article Title: Polycystin-2 (PC2) is a key determinant of in-vitro myogenesis.
Abstract: The development of skeletal muscle (myogenesis) is a well-orchestrated process where myoblasts withdraw from the cell cycle and differentiate into myotubes. Signaling by fluxes in intracellular Ca is known to contribute to myogenesis and increased mitochondria biogenesis is required to meet the metabolic demand of mature myotubes. However, gaps remain in the understanding of how intracellular Ca signals can govern myogenesis. Polycystin-2 (PC2 or TRPP1) is a non-selective cation channel permeable to Ca. It can interact with intracellular calcium channels to control Ca release, and concurrently modulates mitochondrial function and remodeling. Due to these features, we hypothesized that PC2 is a central protein in mediating both the intracellular Ca responses and mitochondrial changes seen in myogenesis. To test this hypothesis, we created CRISPR/Cas9 knockout C2C12 murine myoblast cell lines. PC2 KO cells were unable to differentiate into myotubes, had impaired spontaneous Ca oscillations and did not develop depolarization-evoked Ca transients. The autophagic-associated pathway beclin-1 was downregulated in PC2 KO cells, and direct activation of the autophagic pathway resulted in decreased mitochondrial remodeling. Re-expression of full length PC2, but not a calcium channel dead pathologic mutant, restored the differentiation phenotype and increased the expression of mitochondrial proteins. Our results establish that PC2 is a novel regulator of in-vitro myogenesis by integrating PC2 dependent Ca signals and metabolic pathways.
Journal Title: American journal of physiology. Cell physiology
Publisher: Unknown  
Date Published: 2022