Evidence-based Guidelines on the Use of Virtual Surgical Education Pertaining to the Domains of Cognition and Curriculum, Psychomotor Skills Training, and Faculty Development and Mentorship. Journal Article


Authors: Park, KM; Rashidian, N; Anderson, C; Brian, R; Calthorpe, LM; Gee, D; Hernandez, S; Lau, J; Nepomnayshy, D; Patel, NM; Pei, K; Reddy, RM; Roman, SA; Scott, DJ; Alseidi, A
Article Title: Evidence-based Guidelines on the Use of Virtual Surgical Education Pertaining to the Domains of Cognition and Curriculum, Psychomotor Skills Training, and Faculty Development and Mentorship.
Abstract: The Association for Surgical Education formed an ad-hoc research group to evaluate the quality and methodology of the current literature on virtual surgical education. Using SIGN methodology, evidence-based guidelines were developed for utilizing virtual surgical education within the cognitive and curricula, psychomotor, and faculty development domains. OBJECTIVE: To identify, categorize, and evaluate the quality of literature, and to provide evidence-based guidelines on virtual surgical education within the cognitive and curricula, psychomotor, and faculty development domains. SUMMARY BACKGROUND DATA: During the COVID-19 Pandemic, utilizing virtual learning modalities is expanding rapidly. While the innovative methods must be considered to bridge the surgical education gap, a framework is needed to avoid expansion of virtual education without proper supporting evidence in some areas. METHODS: The Association for Surgical Education formed an ad-hoc research group to evaluate the quality and methodology of the current literature on virtual education and to build evidence-based guidelines by utilizing the Scottish Intercollegiate Guideline Network (SIGN) methodology. We identified PICO-style questions, conducted systematic literature reviews using PubMed, Embase, and ERIC databases. Then we formulated evidence-based recommendations, assessed the quality of evidence using GRADE, NOS-E and Kirkpatrick ratings, and conducted Delphi consensus to validate the recommendations. RESULTS: Eleven PICO-style questions were designed by the expert committees. After screening 4723 articles by the review committee, 241 articles met inclusion criteria for full article reviews, and 166 studies were included and categorized into three domains: cognition and curricula (n = 92), psychomotor, (n = 119) and faculty development (n = 119). Sixteen evidence-based recommendations were formulated and validated by an external expert panel. CONCLUSION: The evidence-based guidelines developed using SIGN methodology, provide a set of recommendations for surgical training societies, training programs, and educators on utilizing virtual surgical education and highlights the area of needs for further investigation.
Journal Title: Annals of Surgery
ISSN: 1528-1140; 0003-4932
Publisher: Unknown  
Date Published: 2021
LUC Authors
  1. James Lau
    6 Lau
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