Being unprepared: A grounded theory of the transition of asthma self-care in college students. Journal Article

Authors: Velsor-Friedrich, B; Hogan, NS
Article Title: Being unprepared: A grounded theory of the transition of asthma self-care in college students.
Abstract: PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to conceptualize the basic social process of how college students transition from home-based asthma management to independent self-care management. DESIGN AND METHODS: Classical grounded theory was used to explore the transition of asthma self-care in college students. Seventeen college students with asthma from a Midwestern urban university were interviewed. RESULTS: Being Unprepared emerged as the basic social process used by students transitioning from home-based management of their asthma to managing their asthma in college. Being Unprepared conceptualizes a process by which participants engaged in relying on others, primarily their mother, to manage their asthma while in high school. This reliance on others continued when participants became college students with asthma where they were found lacking preparation for self-management in college exemplified by their being relatively unprepared for dealing with the unexpected stressors associated with starting college or for managing asthma episodes safely and effectively as students. Participants acknowledged that they were unprepared for managing their asthma independently and the need for becoming better prepared for their own safe asthma self-management. CONCLUSIONS: Youth with asthma may be at risk for poor health outcomes as they transition to self-care in college. The grounded theory, Being Unprepared, derived from empirical data can provide a scientific basis for deriving practice protocols. PRACTICE IMPLICATIONS: These findings can be used to inform parents and healthcare providers about the need for early intervention designed to prepare students with asthma for the transition to college while in high school. The theory concepts can be operationalized as instrument items for future research studies.
Journal Title: Journal of pediatric nursing
ISSN: 1532-8449; 0882-5963
Publisher: Unknown  
Date Published: 2021