Coaxial Access for Microcatheter Stabilization During Aneurysm Coiling: 2-Dimensional Operative Video. Journal Article

Authors: Kim, M; Shanker, R; Kam, A; Reynolds, M; Serrone, JC
Article Title: Coaxial Access for Microcatheter Stabilization During Aneurysm Coiling: 2-Dimensional Operative Video.
Abstract: Coaxial support is a fundamental technique utilized by neurointerventionalists to optimize distal catheter control within the intracranial circulation. Here we present a 41-yr-old woman with a previously coiled ruptured anterior communicating artery aneurysm with progressive recurrence harboring tortuous internal carotid anatomy to demonstrate the utility of coaxial support. Raymond-Roy classification of initial aneurysm coiling of class 1 resulted as class 3b over the 21 mo from initial treatment.1 The patient consented to stent-assisted coiling for retreatment of this aneurysm. Coaxial support was advanced as distally as possible in the proximal vasculature to improve catheter control, reducing dead space within which the microcatheter could move, decreasing angulations within proximal vasculature, limiting the movement of the native vessels, and providing a surface of lower friction than the endothelium. As the risk of recurrent subarachnoid hemorrhage in previously treated coiled aneurysms approaches 3%, retreatment occurs in 16.4% within 6 yr2 and in 17.4% of patients within 10 yr.3 Rerupture is slightly higher in patients who underwent coiling vs clipping, with the rerupture risk inversely proportional to the degree of aneurysm occlusion,4 further substantiating that coaxial support provides technical advantage in selected patients where additional microcatheter control is necessary for optimal occlusion. Pitfalls of this technique include vasospasm and vascular injury, which can be ameliorated by pretreatment of the circulation with vasodilators to prevent catheter-induced vasospasm. This case and model demonstration illustrates the technique of coaxial access in the stent-assisted coiling of a recurrent anterior communicating artery aneurysm and identification and management of catheter-induced vasospasm.
Journal Title: Operative neurosurgery (Hagerstown, Md.)
ISSN: 2332-4260
Publisher: Unknown  
Date Published: 2021