Extent of mural thrombus is not associated with increased 5-year mortality following elective AAA repair. Journal Article

Authors: Siddiq, B; Dejong, M; Decicco, E; Zielke, T; D'Andrea, M; Aulivola, B; Blecha, M
Article Title: Extent of mural thrombus is not associated with increased 5-year mortality following elective AAA repair.
Abstract: BACKGROUND: Mural thrombus in abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) has been associated with increased rates of aneurysm growth as well as adverse cardiovascular events. The extent of mural thrombus in thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysms has recently been linked to 1-year mortality following endovascular repair and has been hypothesized as a marker for reduced cardiac reserve. This study investigates whether the extent of mural thrombus in infra-renal AAA is associated with 5-year mortality following elective repair. METHODS: Retrospective review of all patients undergoing elective infra-renal AAA repair at a single academic medical center between 2007 and 2016 was performed. The following variables at the time of surgery were investigated for association with 5-year mortality: age, sex, ethnicity, insurance status and co-morbidities, repair type, renal insufficiency, end-stage renal disease on dialysis, history of smoking, coronary artery disease, congestive heart failure, diabetes mellitus, hypertension, stroke, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, body mass index category, AAA diameter, and ratio of aortic thrombus to total aneurysm diameter. RESULTS: Amongst 427 patients undergoing infra-renal AAA repair during the study period, 232 met extensive inclusion criteria. Univariate analysis found mean age (76 vs 72, 0.01), age cohort over 72 years (OR = 1.9, = 0.04), renal insufficiency (OR = 3.1, 0.01), ESRD (OR = 6.5, 0.01), AAA diameter 6 cm or greater (OR = 2.3, 0.01), and mean AAA diameter (61.36 vs 56.99 mm, 0.01) all predictive of 5-year mortality. Multivariate analysis revealed renal insufficiency ( 0.01) and AAA diameter 6 cm or greater ( = 0.03) to be significantly associated with 5-year mortality. The extent of mural thrombus was identical between 5-year survivors and non-survivors. The mean inner to outer AAA diameter was 0.65 in the survivor cohort and 0.64 in the mortality cohort. Inner to outer ratio of 0.5 was identified in 23% of 5-year survivors and 27% of the mortality group. CONCLUSIONS: In our experience, the extent of mural thrombus in AAA does not influence long-term survival after elective repair. AAA repair may provide protection against circulating components of mural thrombus which have the potential to promote atherosclerotic-related adverse events. Patients with renal insufficiency and larger AAA have increased risk of mortality 5 years after elective repair.
Journal Title: Vascular
ISSN: 1708-5381; 1708-5381
Publisher: Sage  
Date Published: 2022