Submassive Pulmonary Embolism Complicating Small Bowel Obstruction. Journal Article

Authors: Sagalov, A; Allen, S; Iqbal, O; Darki, A
Article Title: Submassive Pulmonary Embolism Complicating Small Bowel Obstruction.
Abstract: The evaluation of patients with pulmonary embolism (PE) requires a comprehensive approach that assesses physical and laboratory exam findings, interprets varying imaging modalities, and selects appropriate treatment strategies. Comorbidities can complicate treatment and influence physicians to make difficult management decisions. In this case report, we present a patient with a small bowel obstruction complicated by submassive intermediate high-risk PE. Stratifying risk in PE patients is crucial to gauge when to use invasive interventions. There is limited clinical data to identify the optimal timing of surgery in patients with concurrent PE. We describe a challenging case where a patient requires multiple life-saving interventions; however, each treatment method carries a risk of bleeding or further complicating surgical candidacy. The patient in question first undergoes treatment of PE to improve hemodynamics and lower the clot burden prior to proceeding with resection of the small bowel. This report emphasizes the utility of the Pulmonary Embolism Response Team to facilitate care when surgical comorbidities require immediate attention as well.
Journal Title: Cureus
ISSN: 2168-8184; 2168-8184
Publisher: Unknown  
Date Published: 2021