Is the JAK-STAT Signaling Pathway Involved in the Pathogenesis of Depression? Journal Article

Authors: Galecka, M; Szemraj, J; Su, KP; Halaris, A; Maes, M; Skiba, A; Galecki, P; Blizniewska-Kowalska, K
Article Title: Is the JAK-STAT Signaling Pathway Involved in the Pathogenesis of Depression?
Abstract: (1) Background: Only 60-70% of depressed patients respond to standard antidepressant treatments. Hence, it is essential to search for new, effective and safe therapies for unmet clinical needs of treatment-resistant depression (TRD). Agents targeting the components of the JAK-STAT signaling pathway have been shown to be relevant in immunology and are commonly used in the treatment of many hematological, rheumatological and dermatological diseases. The aim of this study was to investigate the role of elements of the JAK-STAT signaling pathway in the etiopathogenesis of depressive disorders. (2) Methods: A total of 290 subjects took part in the study (190 depressed patients, 100 healthy controls). Sociodemographic data were collected. The severity of depressive symptoms was assessed using the Hamilton Depression Rating Scale (HDRS). The gene expression at the mRNA protein levels of JAK (JAK1-JAK3) and STAT (STAT1-STAT5) was assessed by using RT-PCR and ELISA. (3) Results: Increased expression of JAK3 and decreased expression of STAT1 were observed in the group of depressed patients. (4) Conclusions: Further studies are necessary to determine whether moderation of the JAK-STAT signaling pathways is involved in the treatment of depression.
Journal Title: Journal of clinical medicine
ISSN: 2077-0383; 2077-0383
Publisher: Unknown  
Date Published: 2022