Pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors: Surgical outcomes and survival analysis. Journal Article

Authors: Fahmy, JN; Varsanik, MA; Hubbs, D; Eguia, E; Abood, G; Knab, LM
Article Title: Pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors: Surgical outcomes and survival analysis.
Abstract: BACKGROUND: Pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors are rare, with rising incidence and limited clinicopathological studies. METHODS: Adult patients with pNET at a single tertiary care center were retrospectively evaluated. RESULTS: In total, 87 patients with histologically confirmed pNET who underwent resection were evaluated. 11% of patients had functioning pNETs: 9 insulinoma and 1 VIPoma. The majority (88.5%) were nonfunctioning. The most common surgical procedure performed was distal pancreatectomy with splenectomy (36.8%). 35.6% of cases were performed with minimally invasive surgery (MIS). MIS patients had fewer postoperative complications, shorter length of stay, and fewer ICU admissions.Disease-free survival (DFS) was unaffected by tumor size (p = 0.5) or lymph node status (p = 0.62). Patients with high-grade (G3) tumors experienced significantly shorter DFS (p = 0.02). CONCLUSIONS: This series demonstrates that survival in patients with pNET is driven mostly by tumor grade, though overall most have long-term survival after surgical resection. Additionally, an MIS approach is efficacious in appropriately selected cases.
Journal Title: American Journal of Surgery
ISSN: 1879-1883; 0002-9610
Publisher: Elsevier Inc  
Date Published: 2020