Should the Reporting of Bone Marrow Positivity for Amyloid Be Revised? A Critical Assessment Based On 66 Biopsies From a Single Institution. Journal Article


Authors: Javidiparsijani, S; Picken, MM
Article Title: Should the Reporting of Bone Marrow Positivity for Amyloid Be Revised? A Critical Assessment Based On 66 Biopsies From a Single Institution.
Abstract: CONTEXT.—: Amyloidoses are rare but heterogeneous disorders for which diagnosis is contingent upon the detection of deposits by Congo red stain and amyloid protein typing determines the treatment options. OBJECTIVE.—: To address the reporting of bone marrow (BM) involvement by amyloid in relation to the spatial distribution of deposits and to explore whether the location of deposits may have clinical relevance. DESIGN.—: We examined 66 BM biopsies positive for amyloid with regard to the location and type of amyloid, the percentage and clonality of plasma cells, other organ involvement, and relevant clinical information. RESULTS.—: In 21 cases, amyloid deposits involved BM stroma, whereas 45 cases were nonstromal. All cases of stromal involvement were typed as AL amyloidosis (or presumed AL), whereas nonstromal involvement was associated with at least 3 types of amyloidosis: AL, ATTR, and AA. The initial diagnosis of amyloidosis was made in a BM specimen in 21 of 66 cases (31.8%). Plasma cells ranged from 1% to 80% (mean, 13.4%; median, 8%; 10% in 44 of 66 specimens [66.6%]) and were monoclonal in 58 of 66 cases (87.8%), and in 54 of 66 cases (81.8%) amyloid deposits were documented in at least one other organ. CONCLUSIONS.—: This study demonstrates that there is significant heterogeneity in the spatial distribution of amyloid in BM biopsy specimens with medullary, extramedullary, purely vascular, or combined involvement. Whereas stromal deposits were associated exclusively with AL, nonstromal and purely vascular deposits were seen in at least 3 types of systemic amyloidosis (AL, AA, and ATTR). We discuss the reporting of BM biopsy tissue positivity for amyloid deposits.
Journal Title: Archives of Pathology Laboratory Medicine
ISSN: 1543-2165; 0003-9985
Publisher: Unknown  
Date Published: 2020
LUC Authors
  1. Maria M. Picken
    55 Picken
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