Impact of Electronic Chromoendoscopy on Adenoma Miss Rates During Colonoscopy: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis. Journal Article

Authors: Desai, M; Viswanathan, L; Gupta, N; Kennedy, KF; Repici, A; Hassan, C; Sharma, P
Article Title: Impact of Electronic Chromoendoscopy on Adenoma Miss Rates During Colonoscopy: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis.
Abstract: BACKGROUND: The impact of virtual chromoendoscopy such as narrow-band imaging, Fujinon intelligent chromoendoscopy, blue-light imaging, linked-color imaging, and i-SCAN on adenoma detection rate has been variable. However, adenoma miss rate (another measure suggested as a quality indicator) of electronic chromoendoscopy modalities has not been systematically evaluated. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to perform a systematic review and meta-analysis to examine the adenoma miss rate of white-light endoscopy compared with electronic chromoendoscopy. DATA SOURCES: Medline, Embase, Scopus, Web of Knowledge, and Cochrane were the data sources for this study. STUDY SELECTION: The studies selected were tandem randomized controlled trials of electronic chromoendoscopy modalities compared with white-light endoscopy. INTERVENTIONS: Electronic chromoendoscopy compared with white light endoscopy was used to measure the adenoma miss rate. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Primary outcome was the pooled adenoma miss rate of electronic chromoendoscopy techniques compared with white-light endoscopy. Secondary outcomes were subgroup analysis, adenoma size analysis, and adenoma detection rate. RESULTS: A total of 3507 patients were evaluated from 7 eligible tandem randomized control trials. A total of 1423 patients had white-light endoscopy as the first of the tandem examinations. The rest of the patients had electronic chromoendoscopy as the first of the tandem examination (narrow-band imaging, 988 patients; Fujinon intelligent chromoendoscopy, 728 patients; i-SCAN, 233 patients; blue-light imaging, 64 patients; and linked-color imaging, 71 patients). The pooled adenoma miss rate for electronic chromoendoscopy was not different than white-light endoscopy (17.9% vs 21%; OR, 0.72 (0.67-1.11); I 67%; p = 0.13). When only narrow-band imaging, blue-light imaging, and linked-color imaging were considered, the pooled rate was statistically significant (OR, 0.60 (0.37-0.98); p = 0.04). The pooled adenoma detection rate was not statistically different with electronic chromoendoscopy than white-light endoscopy (OR, 1.02 (0.88-1.19); p = 0.78). LIMITATIONS: The small number of studies to assess the impact of each modality limited stratified conclusions. CONCLUSIONS: Electronic chromoendoscopy is not associated with a significant reduction in adenoma miss rate compared with white-light colonoscopy.
Journal Title: Diseases of the colon and rectum
ISSN: 1530-0358; 0012-3706
Publisher: Unknown  
Date Published: 2019