The microbiome of calcium-based urinary stones. Journal Article

Authors: Dornbier, RA; Bajic, P; Van Kuiken, M; Jardaneh, A; Lin, H; Gao, X; Knudsen, B; Dong, Q; Wolfe, AJ; Schwaderer, AL
Article Title: The microbiome of calcium-based urinary stones.
Abstract: Historically, the role of bacteria in urinary stone disease (USD) has been limited to urease-producing bacteria associated with struvite stone formation. However, growing evidence has revealed bacteria associated with stones of non-struvite composition. These bacteria may be derived from either urine or from the stones themselves. Using 16S rRNA gene sequencing and an enhanced culture technique (EQUC), we identified the urine and stone microbiota of USD patients and then determined if bacteria were statistically enriched in the stones relative to the urine. From 52 patients, bladder urine and urinary stones were collected intraoperatively during ureteroscopy. Stone homogenate and urine specimens were subjected to 16S rRNA gene sequencing and EQUC. Standard Chi-squared tests were applied to determine if the relative abundance of any bacterial taxon was significantly enriched in urinary stones compared to urine. Stones were primarily calcium-based. 29/52 (55.8%) stones had bacteria detected by 16S rRNA gene sequencing. Of these, dominant bacterial taxa were enriched from 12 stones. Bacterial taxa isolated by EQUC include members of the genera Staphylococcus, Enterobacter, Escherichia, Corynebacterium, and Lactobacillus. Dominant bacterial genera were enriched compared to paired bladder urine. Differences between the stone and urine microbiota may indicate that certain bacteria contribute to USD pathophysiology. Further investigation is warranted.
Journal Title: Urolithiasis
ISSN: 2194-7236; 2194-7228
Publisher: Unknown  
Date Published: 2019