Clinical and Genome-Wide Analysis of Serum Platinum Levels after Cisplatin-Based Chemotherapy. Journal Article

Authors: Trendowski, MR; El Charif, O; Ratain, MJ; Monahan, P; Mu, Z; Wheeler, HE; Dinh, PC; Feldman, DR; Ardeshir-Rouhani-Fard, S; Hamilton, RJ; Vaughn, DJ; Fung, C; Kollmannsberger, C; Mushiroda, T; Kubo, M; Hannigan, R; Strathmann, F; Einhorn, LH; Fossa, SD; Travis, LB; Dolan, ME
Article Title: Clinical and Genome-Wide Analysis of Serum Platinum Levels after Cisplatin-Based Chemotherapy.
Abstract: PURPOSE: Serum platinum is measurable for years after completion of cisplatin-based chemotherapy (CBC). We report the largest investigation of serum platinum levels to date of 1,010 testicular cancer survivors (TCS) assessed 1-35 years after CBC and evaluate genetic contributions to these levels. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: Eligible TCS given 300 or 400 (±15) mg/m cisplatin underwent extensive audiometric testing, clinical examination, completed questionnaires, and had crude serum platinum levels measured. Associations between serum platinum and various risk factors and toxicities were assessed after fitting a biexponential model adjusted for follow-up time and cumulative cisplatin dose. A genome-wide association study (GWAS) was performed using the serum platinum residuals of the dose and time-adjusted model. RESULTS: Serum platinum levels exceeded the reference range for approximately 31 years, with a strong inverse relationship with creatinine clearance at follow-up (age-adjusted = 2.13 × 10). We observed a significant, positive association between residual platinum values and luteinizing hormone (age-adjusted = 6.58 × 10). Patients with high residual platinum levels experienced greater Raynaud phenomenon than those with medium or low levels (age-adjusted OR = 1.46; = 0.04), as well as a higher likelihood of developing tinnitus (age-adjusted OR = 1.68, = 0.07). GWAS identified one single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) meeting genome-wide significance, rs1377817 ( = 4.6 × 10, a SNP intronic to ). CONCLUSIONS: This study indicates that residual platinum values are correlated with several cisplatin-related toxicities. One genetic variant is associated with these levels.
Journal Title: Clinical cancer research : an official journal of the American Association for Cancer Research
ISSN: 1078-0432; 1078-0432
Publisher: AACR  
Date Published: 2019
LUC Authors
  1. Heather Wheeler
    41 Wheeler
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