Mercury vs. Water: An Analysis of Multi-Institutional Survey Data Assessing Intracranial Pressure Unit of Measure Awareness. Journal Article


Authors: Heiferman, DM; Jack, MM; Johnson, KD; Katsevman, GA; Prabhu, VC; Germanwala, AV; Serrone, JC
Article Title: Mercury vs. Water: An Analysis of Multi-Institutional Survey Data Assessing Intracranial Pressure Unit of Measure Awareness.
Abstract: BACKGROUND: Intracranial pressure (ICP) reporting impacts neurosurgical care. Millimeters of mercury (mmHg) and centimeters of water (cmHO) are both used to report ICP in clinical practice and the literature. In this study, we investigated ICP unit of measure awareness in the neurosurgical community. METHODS: A survey was conducted at four US academic neurosurgery departments asking the following questions: What is your threshold for a concerning ICP? How many minutes is that ICP sustained for you to be concerned? What unit are you implying when you state that ICP? What unit of measure is an ICP reported on the monitor when transduced? When setting an external ventricular drain Becker bag level, what unit of measure do you set it to? Do you ever manually check an ICP based on a column of cerebrospinal fluid? How many cmHO is 20 mmHg? RESULTS: An ICP of 20 and sustained for five minutes were the two most common answers. Some 71% of residents and 34% of attendings reported using cmHO as the unit of measure; 18% of residents and 24% of attendings implied different units when discussing ICP than the unit they thought was transduced; and 53% of residents and 34% of attendings did not know the transduced ICP unit of measure reported in their intensive care unit. CONCLUSIONS: Variability and discrepancies regarding the ICP unit of measure exist in academic neurosurgery departments. Clinicians should familiarize themselves with their hospital's practices. Institutions and all of medicine may consider standardizing the ICP unit of measure, using mmHg as a universal nomenclature.
Journal Title: World neurosurgery
ISSN: 1878-8750
Publisher: Unknown  
Date Published: 2019
LUC Authors
  1. Vikram Prabhu
    39 Prabhu
  2. Joseph Serrone
    14 Serrone
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