Implications of the Genitourinary Microbiota in Prostatic Disease. Journal Article

Authors: Bajic, P; Dornbier, RA; Doshi, CP; Wolfe, AJ; Farooq, AV; Bresler, L
Article Title: Implications of the Genitourinary Microbiota in Prostatic Disease.
Abstract: PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To summarize recent investigation into associations between the genitourinary microbiota and prostatic disease. RECENT FINDINGS: The genitourinary tract is not sterile. There are microbial communities (microbiota) in each niche of the genitourinary tract including the bladder, prostate, and urethra, which have been the subject of increasing scientific interest. Investigators have utilized several unique methods to study them, resulting in a highly heterogeneous body of literature. To characterize these genitourinary microbiota, diverse clinical specimens have been analyzed, including urine obtained by various techniques, seminal fluid, expressed prostatic secretions, and prostatic tissue. Recent studies have attempted to associate the microbiota detected from these samples with urologic disease and have implicated the genitourinary microbiota in many common conditions, including benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH), prostate cancer, and chronic prostatitis/chronic pelvic pain syndrome (CP/CPPS). In this review, we summarize the recent literature pertaining to the genitourinary microbiota and its relationship to the pathophysiology and management of three common prostatic conditions: BPH, prostate cancer, and CP/CPPS.
Journal Title: Current urology reports
ISSN: 1534-6285; 1527-2737
Publisher: Unknown  
Date Published: 2019