Gata5 deficiency causes airway constrictor hyperresponsiveness in mice. Journal Article

Authors: Chen, B; Moore, TV; Li, Z; Sperling, AI; Zhang, C; Andrade, J; Rodriguez, A; Bahroos, N; Huang, Y; Morrisey, EE; Gruber, PJ; Solway, J
Article Title: Gata5 deficiency causes airway constrictor hyperresponsiveness in mice.
Abstract: Gata5 is a transcription factor expressed in the lung, but its physiological role is unknown. To test whether and how Gata5 regulates airway constrictor responsiveness, we studied Gata5(-/-), Gata5(+/-), and wild-type mice on the C57BL/6J background. Cholinergic airway constrictor responsiveness was assessed invasively in mice without and with induction of allergic airway inflammation through ovalbumin sensitization and aerosol exposure. Gata5-deficient mice displayed native airway constrictor hyperresponsiveness (AHR) in the absence of allergen-induced inflammation. Gata5-deficient mice retained their relatively greater constrictor responsiveness even in ovalbumin-induced experimental asthma. Gata5 deficiency did not alter the distribution of cell types in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid, but bronchial epithelial mucus metaplasia was more prominent in Gata5(-/-) mice after allergen challenge. Gene expression profiles revealed that apolipoprotein E (apoE) was the fifth most down-regulated transcript in Gata5-deficient lungs, and quantitative RT-PCR and immunostaining confirmed reduced apoE expression in Gata5(-/-) mice. Quantitative RT-PCR also revealed increased IL-13 mRNA in the lungs of Gata5-deficient mice. These findings for the first time show that Gata5 regulates apoE and IL-13 expression in vivo and that its deletion causes AHR. Gata5-deficient mice exhibit an airway phenotype that closely resembles that previously reported for apoE(-/-) mice: both exhibit cholinergic AHR in native and experimental asthma states, and there is excessive goblet cell metaplasia after allergen sensitization and challenge. The Gata5-deficient phenotype also shares features that were previously reported for IL-13-treated mice. Together, these results indicate that Gata5 deficiency induces AHR, at least in part, by blunting apoE and increasing IL-13 expression.
Journal Title: American journal of respiratory cell and molecular biology
Publisher: Unknown  
Date Published: 2014