National Sleep Foundation's updated sleep duration recommendations: final report. Journal Article

Authors: Hirshkowitz, M; Whiton, K; Albert, SM; Alessi, C; Bruni, O; DonCarlos, L; Hazen, N; Herman, J; Adams Hillard, PJ; Katz, ES; Kheirandish-Gozal, L; Neubauer, DN; O'Donnell, AE; Ohayon, M; Peever, J; Rawding, R; Sachdeva, RC; Setters, B; Vitiello, MV; Ware, JC
Article Title: National Sleep Foundation's updated sleep duration recommendations: final report.
Abstract: OBJECTIVE: To make scientifically sound and practical recommendations for daily sleep duration across the life span. METHODS: The National Sleep Foundation convened a multidisciplinary expert panel (Panel) with broad representation from leading stakeholder organizations. The Panel evaluated the latest scientific evidence and participated in a formal consensus and voting process. Then, the RAND/UCLA Appropriateness Method was used to formulate sleep duration recommendations. RESULTS: The Panel made sleep duration recommendations for 9 age groups. Sleep duration ranges, expressed as hours of sleep per day, were designated as recommended, may be appropriate, or not recommended. Recommended sleep durations are as follows: 14-17 hours for newborns, 12-15 hours for infants, 11-14 hours for toddlers, 10-13 hours for preschoolers, 9-11 hours for school-aged children, and 8-10 hours for teenagers. Seven to 9 hours is recommended for young adults and adults, and 7-8 hours of sleep is recommended for older adults. The self-designated basis for duration selection and critical discussions are also provided. CONCLUSIONS: Consensus for sleep duration recommendations was reached for specific age groupings. Consensus using a multidisciplinary expert Panel lends robust credibility to the results. Finally, limitations and caveats of these recommendations are discussed.
Journal Title: Sleep health
Publisher: Unknown  
Date Published: 2015