The Role of Therapeutic Endoscopy in Patients With Cirrhosis-Related Causes of Gastrointestinal Bleeding. Journal Article


Authors: Kezer, CA; Gupta, N
Article Title: The Role of Therapeutic Endoscopy in Patients With Cirrhosis-Related Causes of Gastrointestinal Bleeding.
Abstract: PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This article aims to review current therapeutic endoscopic treatments available for the management of gastrointestinal bleeding related to cirrhosis. RECENT FINDINGS: Endoscopic band ligation is an effective treatment for primary prophylaxis, acute bleeding, and secondary prophylaxis of esophageal varices as well as for acute bleeding and secondary prophylaxis of select gastric varices. Sclerotherapy is a treatment option for acute bleeding and secondary prophylaxis of esophageal varices when band ligation is technically difficult. Cyanoacrylate glue injection is an effective treatment for acute bleeding of gastric and ectopic varices. Argon plasma coagulation is first-line and radiofrequency ablation is second-line treatment for chronic bleeding secondary to gastric antral vascular ectasia. There are a variety of endoscopic treatment modalities for cirrhosis-related gastrointestinal bleeding, and the appropriate therapy depends on the location of the bleed, history or presence of acute bleeding, and risk factors for intervention-related adverse events.
Journal Title: Current gastroenterology reports
ISSN: 1534-312X; 1522-8037
Publisher: Unknown  
Date Published: 2018
LUC Authors
  1. Neil Gupta
    80 Gupta
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