Chromatin organization as an indicator of glucocorticoid induced natural killer cell dysfunction Journal Article

Authors: Misale, M. S.; Witek Janusek, L; Tell, D; Mathews, H. L.
Article Title: Chromatin organization as an indicator of glucocorticoid induced natural killer cell dysfunction
Abstract: It is well-established that psychological distress reduces natural killer cell immune function and that this reduction can be due to the stress-induced release of glucocorticoids. Glucocorticoids are known to alter epigenetic marks associated with immune effector loci, and are also known to influence chromatin organization. The purpose of this investigation was to assess the effect of glucocorticoids on natural killer cell chromatin organization and to determine the relationship of chromatin organization to natural killer cell effector function, e.g. interferon gamma production. Interferon gamma production is the prototypic cytokine produced by natural killer cells and is known to modulate both innate and adaptive immunity. Glucocorticoid treatment of human peripheral blood mononuclear cells resulted in a significant reduction in interferon gamma production. Glucocorticoid treatment also resulted in a demonstrable natural killer cell nuclear phenotype. This phenotype was localization of the histone, post-translational epigenetic mark, H3K27me3, to the nuclear periphery. Peripheral nuclear localization of H3K27me3 was directly related to cellular levels of interferon gamma. This nuclear phenotype was determined by direct visual inspection and by use of an automated, high through-put technology, the Amnis ImageStream. This technology combines the per-cell information content provided by standard microscopy with the statistical significance afforded by large sample sizes common to standard flow cytometry. Most importantly, this technology provides for a direct assessment of the localization of signal intensity within individual cells. The results demonstrate glucocorticoids to dysregulate natural killer cell function at least in part through altered H3K27me3 nuclear organization and demonstrate H3K27me3 chromatin organization to be a predictive indicator of glucocorticoid induced immune dysregulation of natural killer cells.
Journal Title: Brain, behavior, and immunity
Volume: 67
ISSN: 1090-2139; 0889-1591
Publisher: Elsevier Inc  
Journal Place: Netherlands
Date Published: 2018
Start Page: 279
End Page: 289
Language: eng
Notes: LR: 20171122; CI: Copyright (c) 2017; GR: R01 CA134736/CA/NCI NIH HHS/United States; GR: R01 CA197005/CA/NCI NIH HHS/United States; JID: 8800478; NIHMS906421; OTO: NOTNLM; PMCR: 2019/01/01 00:00; 2017/07/08 00:00 [received]; 2017/09/01 00:00 [revised]; 2017/09/08 00:00 [accepted]; 2019/01/01 00:00 [pmc-release]; 2017/09/16 06:00 [pubmed]; 2017/09/16 06:00 [medline]; 2017/09/16 06:00 [entrez]; ppublish