Dysregulation of microRNA biogenesis in the small intestine after ethanol and burn injury Journal Article

Authors: Morris, N. L.; Hammer, A. M.; Cannon, A. R.; Gagnon, R. C.; Li, X; Choudhry, M. A.
Article Title: Dysregulation of microRNA biogenesis in the small intestine after ethanol and burn injury
Abstract: Ethanol exposure at the time of burn injury is a major contributor to post-burn pathogenesis. Many of the adverse effects associated with ethanol and burn injury are linked to an impaired intestinal barrier. The combined insult causes intestinal inflammation, resulting in tissue damage, altered tight junction expression, and increased intestinal permeability. MicroRNAs play a critical role in maintaining intestinal homeostasis including intestinal inflammation and barrier function. Specifically, miR-150 regulates inflammatory mediators which can contribute to gut barrier disruption. The present study examined whether ethanol and burn injury alter expression of microRNA processing enzymes (Drosha, Dicer, and Argonaute-2) and miR-150 in the small intestine. Male mice were gavaged with ethanol (~2.9g/kg) 4h prior to receiving a ~12.5% total body surface area full thickness burn. One or three days after injury, mice were euthanized and small intestinal epithelial cells (IECs) were isolated and analyzed for expression of microRNA biogenesis components and miR-150. Dicer mRNA and protein levels were not changed following the combined insult. Drosha and Argonaute-2 mRNA and protein levels were significantly reduced in IECs one day after injury; which accompanied reduced miR-150 expression. To further determine the role of miR-150 in intestinal inflammation, young adult mouse colonocytes were transfected with a miR-150 plasmid and stimulated with LPS (100ng/ml). miR-150 overexpression significantly reduced IL-6 and KC protein levels compared to vector control cells challenged with LPS. These results suggest that altered microRNA biogenesis and associated decrease in miR-150 likely contribute to increased intestinal inflammation following ethanol and burn injury.
Journal Title: Biochimica et biophysica acta
ISSN: 0006-3002; 0006-3002
Publisher: Elsevier Inc  
Journal Place: Netherlands
Date Published: 2017
Language: eng
Notes: LR: 20170413; CI: Copyright (c) 2017; JID: 0217513; OTO: NOTNLM; 2016/12/09 [received]; 2017/03/08 [revised]; 2017/03/31 [accepted]; aheadofprint