Neurons and Glial Cells Are Added to the Female Rat Anteroventral Periventricular Nucleus During Puberty Journal Article

Authors: Mohr, M. A.; Garcia, F. L.; DonCarlos, L. L.; Sisk, C. L.
Article Title: Neurons and Glial Cells Are Added to the Female Rat Anteroventral Periventricular Nucleus During Puberty
Abstract: The anteroventral periventricular nucleus (AVPV) orchestrates the neuroendocrine-positive feedback response that triggers ovulation in female rodents. The AVPV is larger and more cell-dense in females than in males, and during puberty, only females develop the capacity to show a positive feedback response. We previously reported a potential new mechanism to explain this female-specific gain of function during puberty, namely a female-biased sex difference in the pubertal addition of new cells to the rat AVPV. Here we first asked whether this sex difference is due to greater cell proliferation and/or survival in females. Female and male rats received the cell birthdate marker 5-bromo-2'-deoxyuridine (BrdU; 200 mg/kg, ip) on postnatal day (P) 30; brains were collected at short and long intervals after BrdU administration to assess cell proliferation and survival, respectively. Overall, females had more BrdU-immunoreactive cells in the AVPV than did males, with no sex differences in the rate of cell attrition over time. Thus, the sex difference in pubertal addition of AVPV cells appears to be due to greater cell proliferation in females. Next, to determine the phenotype of pubertally born AVPV cells, daily BrdU injections were given to female rats on P28-56, and tissue was collected on P77 to assess colocalization of BrdU and markers for mature neurons or glia. Of the pubertally born AVPV cells, approximately 15% differentiated into neurons, approximately 19% into astrocytes, and approximately 23% into microglia. Thus, both neuro- and gliogenesis occur in the pubertal female rat AVPV and potentially contribute to maturation of female reproductive function.
Journal Title: Endocrinology
Volume: 157
Issue: 6
ISSN: 1945-7170; 0013-7227
Publisher: Unknown  
Journal Place: United States
Date Published: 2016
Start Page: 2393
End Page: 2402
Language: eng
Notes: LR: 20160615; JID: 0375040; OID: NLM: PMC4891785 [Available on 06/01/17]; PMCR: 2017/06/01 00:00; 2016/05/04 [aheadofprint]; ppublish