Fibroblast Growth Factor-23 (FGF-23) Levels Differ Across Populations by Degree of Industrialization Journal Article

Authors: Yuen, S. N.; Kramer, H; Luke, A; Bovet, P; Plange-Rhule, J; Forrester, T; Lambert, V; Wolfe, M.; Camacho, P; Harders, R; Dugas, L; Cooper, R; Durazo-Arvizu, R
Article Title: Fibroblast Growth Factor-23 (FGF-23) Levels Differ Across Populations by Degree of Industrialization
Abstract: CONTEXT: Compensatory increases in FGF23 with increasing phosphate intake may adversely impact health. However, population and clinical studies examining the link between phosphate intake and FGF23 levels have focused mainly on populations living in highly industrialized societies in which phosphate exposure may be homogenous. OBJECTIVE: Contrast dietary phosphate intake, urinary measures of phosphate excretion and FGF23 levels across populations that differ by level of industrialization. DESIGN: Cross-sectional analysis of three populations Setting: Maywood, IL, U.S., Mah|fe Island, Seychelles, and Kumasi, Ghana Participants: Adults with African ancestry aged 25-45 years Main Outcome: Fibroblast growth factor 23 (FGF23) levels Results: The mean age was 35.1 (6.3) years and 47.9% were male. Mean phosphate intake and fractional excretion of phosphate were significantly higher in the U.S. vs. Ghana while no significant difference in phosphate intake or fractional excretion of phosphate was noted between U.S. and Seychelles for men or women. Overall, median FGF23 values were 57.41 RU/ml (IQR 43.42, 75.09) in U.S., 42.49 RU/ml (IQR 33.06, 55.39) in Seychelles and 33.32 RU/ml (IQR 24.83, 47.36) in Ghana. In the pooled sample, FGF23 levels were significantly and positively correlated with dietary phosphate intake (r=0.11; P 0.001), and the fractional excretion of phosphate (r=0.13; P 0.001) but not with plasma phosphate levels (-0.001; P = 0.8). Dietary phosphate intake was significantly and positively associated with the fractional excretion of phosphate (r=0.23; P 0.001). CONCLUSION: The distribution of FGF23 levels in a given population may be influenced by the level of industrialization, likely due to differences in access to foods preserved with phosphate additives.
Journal Title: The Journal of clinical endocrinology and metabolism
ISSN: 1945-7197; 0021-972X
Publisher: Unknown  
Date Published: 2016
Start Page: jc20153558
Language: ENG
Notes: LR: 20160324; JID: 0375362; aheadofprint; SO: J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2016 Mar 22:jc20153558.