Benchmarking outcomes in the critically injured burn patient Journal Article

Authors: Klein, M. B.; Goverman, J; Hayden, D. L.; Fagan, S. P.; McDonald-Smith, G. P.; Alexander, A. K.; Gamelli, R. L.; Gibran, N. S.; Finnerty, C. C.; Jeschke, M. G.; Arnoldo, B.; Wispelwey, B.; Mindrinos, M. N.; Xiao, W.; Honari, S. E.; Mason, P. H.; Schoenfeld, D. A.; Herndon, D. N.; Tompkins, R. G.; Inflammation and Host Response to Injury, and Large-Scale Collaborative Research Program
Article Title: Benchmarking outcomes in the critically injured burn patient
Abstract: OBJECTIVE: To determine and compare outcomes with accepted benchmarks in burn care at 6 academic burn centers. BACKGROUND: Since the 1960s, US morbidity and mortality rates have declined tremendously for burn patients, likely related to improvements in surgical and critical care treatment. We describe the baseline patient characteristics and well-defined outcomes for major burn injuries. METHODS: We followed 300 adults and 241 children from 2003 to 2009 through hospitalization, using standard operating procedures developed at study onset. We created an extensive database on patient and injury characteristics, anatomic and physiological derangement, clinical treatment, and outcomes. These data were compared with existing benchmarks in burn care. RESULTS: Study patients were critically injured, as demonstrated by mean % total body surface area (TBSA) (41.2 +/- 18.3 for adults and 57.8 +/- 18.2 for children) and presence of inhalation injury in 38% of the adults and 54.8% of the children. Mortality in adults was 14.1% for those younger than 55 years and 38.5% for those aged 55 years and older. Mortality in patients younger than 17 years was 7.9%. Overall, the multiple organ failure rate was 27%. When controlling for age and % TBSA, presence of inhalation injury continues to be significant. CONCLUSIONS: This study provides the current benchmark for major burn patients. Mortality rates, notwithstanding significant % TBSA and presence of inhalation injury, have significantly declined compared with previous benchmarks. Modern day surgical and medically intensive management has markedly improved to the point where we can expect patients younger than 55 years with severe burn injuries and inhalation injury to survive these devastating conditions.
Journal Title: Annals of Surgery
Volume: 259
Issue: 5
ISSN: 1528-1140; 0003-4932
Publisher: Unknown  
Journal Place: United States
Date Published: 2014
Start Page: 833
End Page: 841
Language: eng
Notes: JID: 0372354; ppublish