Roles of the structural symbiosis polysaccharide (syp) genes in host colonization, biofilm formation, and polysaccharide biosynthesis in Vibrio fischeri Journal Article


Authors: Shibata, S.; Yip, E. S.; Quirke, K. P.; Ondrey, J. M.; Visick, K. L.
Article Title: Roles of the structural symbiosis polysaccharide (syp) genes in host colonization, biofilm formation, and polysaccharide biosynthesis in Vibrio fischeri
Abstract: The symbiosis polysaccharide locus, syp, is required for Vibrio fischeri to form a symbiotic association with the squid Euprymna scolopes. It is also required for biofilm formation induced by the unlinked regulator RscS. The syp locus includes 18 genes that can be classified into four groups based on putative function: 4 genes encode putative regulators, 6 encode glycosyltransferases, 2 encode export proteins, and the remaining 6 encode proteins with other functions, including polysaccharide modification. To understand the roles of each of the 14 structural syp genes in colonization and biofilm formation, we generated nonpolar in-frame deletions of each gene. All of the deletion mutants exhibited defects in their ability to colonize juvenile squid, although the impact of the loss of SypB or SypI was modest. Consistent with their requirement for colonization, most of the structural genes were also required for RscS-induced biofilm formation. In particular, the production of wrinkled colonies, pellicles, and the matrix on the colony surface was eliminated or severely decreased in all mutants except for the sypB and sypI mutants; in contrast, only a subset of genes appeared to play a role in attachment to glass. Finally, immunoblotting data suggested that the structural Syp proteins are involved in polysaccharide production and/or export. These results provide important insights into the requirements for the syp genes under different environmental conditions and thus lay the groundwork for a more complete understanding of the matrix produced by V. fischeri to enhance cell-cell interactions and promote symbiotic colonization.
Journal Title: Journal of Bacteriology
Volume: 194
Issue: 24
ISSN: 1098-5530; 0021-9193
Publisher: Unknown  
Journal Place: United States
Date Published: 2012
Start Page: 6736
End Page: 6747
Language: eng
DOI/URL:
Notes: LR: 20130711; GR: GM59690/GM/NIGMS NIH HHS/United States; GR: R01 GM059690/GM/NIGMS NIH HHS/United States; JID: 2985120R; 0 (Bacterial Proteins); 0 (Polysaccharides, Bacterial); OID: NLM: PMC3510638; 2012/10/05 [aheadofprint]; ppublish