Comparison of Left Atrial Measurements Using 2- and 3-Dimensional Transesophageal Echocardiography. Journal Article


Authors: Kwak, J; Polito, A; Majewski, M; Adams, W; Burcar, K; Oftadeh, M; Haske, M; LeVan, P
Article Title: Comparison of Left Atrial Measurements Using 2- and 3-Dimensional Transesophageal Echocardiography.
Abstract: OBJECTIVES: To assess the correlation between left atrial measurements using 2- and 3-dimensional transesophageal echocardiography. DESIGN: Prospective, observational study. SETTING: Single, tertiary care, academic medical center. PARTICIPANTS: The study comprised 63 consecutive patients undergoing cardiac surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass and intraoperative transesophageal echocardiography. INTERVENTIONS: In addition to the standard comprehensive intraoperative transesophageal examination, study images were obtained by designated anesthesiologists from the study team. MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: The 2-dimensional transesophageal echocardiography views included 4-chamber, 2-chamber, aortic valve short axis, and aortic valve long axis. For the 3-dimensional images, full-volume (90?×?90) data sets were acquired from 4-chamber and aortic valve short-axis views over 4 beats with apnea. Left atrial height, mediolateral length, anteroposterior length, and area were measured in 2- and 3-dimensional images. Left atrial length in the short- and long-axis views of the aortic valve also were measured in 2- and 3-dimensional images. Results indicate that for all patients in this study, the 2- and 3-dimensional measurements correlate well and the 2 observers were in agreement with each other. CONCLUSIONS: Two- and 3-dimensional measurements of the left atrium correlated well. Measurements made using 3-dimensional transesophageal echocardiography were subject to similar limitations as those made using 2-dimensional echocardiography. The benefits of 3-dimensional transesophageal echocardiography and multiplanar reconstruction could be expanded by improvements in ultrasound technology and software.
Journal Title: Journal of cardiothoracic and vascular anesthesia
ISSN: 1532-8422; 1053-0770
Publisher: Elsevier Inc  
Date Published: 2019