Cognitive Impairment in Non-Dialysis-Dependent CKD and the Transition to Dialysis: Findings From the Chronic Renal Insufficiency Cohort (CRIC) Study. Journal Article


Authors: Harhay, MN; Xie, D; Zhang, X; Hsu, CY; Vittinghoff, E; Go, AS; Sozio, SM; Blumenthal, J; Seliger, S; Chen, J; Deo, R; Dobre, M; Akkina, S; Reese, PP; Lash, JP; Yaffe, K; Tamura, MK
Article Title: Cognitive Impairment in Non-Dialysis-Dependent CKD and the Transition to Dialysis: Findings From the Chronic Renal Insufficiency Cohort (CRIC) Study.
Abstract: BACKGROUND: Advanced chronic kidney disease is associated with elevated risk for cognitive impairment. However, it is not known whether and how cognitive impairment is associated with planning and preparation for end-stage renal disease. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective observational study. SETTING PARTICIPANTS: 630 adults participating in the CRIC (Chronic Renal Insufficiency Cohort) Study who had cognitive assessments in late-stage CKD, defined as estimated glome-rular filtration rate = 20mL/min/1.73m, and subsequently initiated maintenance dialysis therapy. PREDICTOR: Predialysis cognitive impairment, defined as a score on the Modified Mini-Mental State Examination lower than previously derived age-based threshold scores. Covariates included age, race/ethnicity, educational attainment, comorbid conditions, and health literacy. OUTCOMES: Peritoneal dialysis (PD) as first dialysis modality, preemptive permanent access placement, venous catheter avoidance at dialysis therapy initiation, and preemptive wait-listing for a kidney transplant. MEASUREMENTS: Multivariable-adjusted logistic regression. RESULTS: Predialysis cognitive impairment was present in 117 (19%) participants. PD was the first dialysis modality among 16% of participants (n=100), 75% had preemptive access placed (n=473), 45% avoided using a venous catheter at dialysis therapy initiation (n=279), and 20% were preemptively wait-listed (n=126). Predialysis cognitive impairment was independently associated with 78% lower odds of PD as the first dialysis modality (adjusted OR [aOR], 0.22; 95% CI, 0.06-0.74; P=0.02) and 42% lower odds of venous catheter avoidance at dialysis therapy initiation (aOR, 0.58; 95% CI, 0.34-0.98; P=0.04). Predialysis cognitive impairment was not independently associated with preemptive permanent access placement or wait-listing. LIMITATIONS: Potential unmeasured confounders; single measure of cognitive function. CONCLUSIONS: Predialysis cognitive impairment is associated with a lower likelihood of PD as a first dialysis modality and of venous catheter avoidance at dialysis therapy initiation. Future studies may consider addressing cognitive function when testing strategies to improve patient transitions to dialysis therapy.
Journal Title: American Journal of Kidney Diseases : The Official Journal of the National Kidney Foundation
ISSN: 1523-6838; 0272-6386
Publisher: Elsevier Inc  
Date Published: 2018
LUC Authors
  1. Sanjeev Akkina
    8 Akkina
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