Complications of Recognized and Unrecognized Iatrogenic Ureteral Injury at Time of Hysterectomy: A Population Based Analysis Journal Article


Authors: Blackwell, R. H.; Kirshenbaum, E. J.; Shah, A. S.; Kuo, P. C.; Gupta, G. N.; Turk, T. M. T.
Article Title: Complications of Recognized and Unrecognized Iatrogenic Ureteral Injury at Time of Hysterectomy: A Population Based Analysis
Abstract: PURPOSE: Ureteral injury represents an uncommon but potentially morbid surgical complication. We sought to characterize the complications of iatrogenic ureteral injury and assess the effect of recognized vs delayed recognition on patient outcomes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients who underwent hysterectomy were identified in the Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project California State Inpatient Database for 2007 to 2011. Ureteral injuries were identified and categorized as recognized-diagnosed/repaired on the day of hysterectomy and unrecognized-diagnosed/repaired postoperatively. We assessed the outcomes of 90-day hospital readmission as well as 1-year outcomes of nephrostomy tube placement, urinary fistula, acute renal failure, sepsis and overall mortality. The independent effects of recognized and unrecognized ureteral injuries were determined on multivariate analysis. RESULTS: Ureteral injury occurred in 1,753 of 223,872 patients (0.78%) treated with hysterectomy and it was unrecognized in 1,094 (62.4%). The 90-day readmission rate increased from a baseline of 5.7% to 13.4% and 67.3% after recognized and unrecognized injury, respectively. Nephrostomy tubes were required in 2.3% of recognized and 23.4% of unrecognized ureteral injury cases. Recognized and unrecognized ureteral injuries independently increased the risk of sepsis (aOR 2.0, 95% CI 1.2-3.5 and 11.9, 95% CI 9.9-14.3) and urinary fistula (aOR 5.9, 95% CI 2.2-16 and 124, 95% CI 95.7-160, respectively). During followup unrecognized ureteral injury increased the odds of acute renal insufficiency (aOR 23.8, 95% CI 20.1-28.2) and death (1.4, 95% CI 1.03-1.9, p = 0032). CONCLUSIONS: Iatrogenic ureteral injury increases the risk of hospital readmission and significant, potentially life threatening complications. Unrecognized ureteral injury markedly increases these risks, warranting a high level of suspicion for ureteral injury and a low threshold for diagnostic investigation.
Keywords: Intraoperative Complications; Iatrogenic Disease; Hysterectomy; ureter; injuries
Journal Title: The Journal of urology
ISSN: 1527-3792; 0022-5347
Publisher: Elsevier Inc  
Journal Place: United States
Date Published: 2018
Language: eng
DOI/URL:
Notes: LR: 20180424; CI: Copyright (c) 2018; JID: 0376374; OTO: NOTNLM; 2017/12/16 00:00 [accepted]; 2018/02/07 06:00 [pubmed]; 2018/02/07 06:00 [medline]; 2018/02/07 06:00 [entrez]; aheadofprint