Ophthalmic Complications Following Acoustic Neuroma Resection Journal Article

Authors: Gange, W. S.; Kirchner, I. D.; Thompson, J. A.; Hill, J.; Grahnke, K; Ibrahim, T.; Leonetti, J. P.; Anderson, D. E.; Bouchard, C. S.
Article Title: Ophthalmic Complications Following Acoustic Neuroma Resection
Abstract: BACKGROUND: Past studies have shown high rates of ocular complications with the need for ophthalmic surgery following acoustic neuroma resection (ANR). OBJECTIVE: To determine the rates of ophthalmic complications, referrals, and surgery following ANR, and the factors associated with poor outcomes. METHODS: A retrospective study of ophthalmic outcomes in patients who underwent ANR was conducted, following institutional review board approval. Surgical approach, tumor size, tumor characteristics, completeness of resection, postoperative House-Brackmann grades, ocular complications, referrals to ophthalmology, and ophthalmic treatments were recorded. RESULTS: Between 2007 and 2012, 174 patients underwent ANR. There were 3 surgical groups: retrosigmoid (n = 97), translabyrinthine (n = 59), and combined retrosigmoid and translabyrinthine (n = 18). Median tumor size was 2.2 cm. Postoperatively, 30% of patients had facial nerve dysfunction (House-Brackmann gt;/=3), which recovered to 19% by 1 mo and 8.6% by 1 yr following ANR. Fifty-six (32.9%) patients experienced ocular complications postoperatively, with lagophthalmos, dry eye, and blurry vision as the most common complications. Thirty-six (67.9%) of the patients who required ophthalmic treatment were managed nonsurgically, with just 13 (7.6%) patients requiring referral to an ophthalmologist. In total, only 9 (5.3%) patients received an ophthalmic procedure. Patients with tumors gt;2 cm, those undergoing combined retrosigmoid and translabyrinthine resection, and those with severe facial nerve dysfunction which did not improve in the first month following surgery were more likely to have poor ophthalmic outcomes. CONCLUSION: We present lower rates of ophthalmic complications following ANR than previously reported. Improved surgical technique, better postoperative eye care, and facial nerve monitoring most likely accounted for the improved ocular outcomes.
Keywords: Facial Nerve; acoustic neuroma; Eye; House-Brackmann; Lagophthalmos
Journal Title: Operative neurosurgery (Hagerstown, Md.)
Volume: 14
Issue: 1
ISSN: 2332-4260
Publisher: by the Congress of Neurological Surgeons  
Journal Place: United States
Date Published: 2018
Start Page: 58
End Page: 65
Language: eng
Notes: LR: 20180308; CI: Copyright (c) 2017; JID: 101635417; OTO: NOTNLM; 2016/08/15 00:00 [received]; 2017/03/02 00:00 [accepted]; 2017/12/19 06:00 [entrez]; 2017/12/19 06:00 [pubmed]; 2017/12/19 06:00 [medline]; ppublish