Plaque volume and plaque risk profile in diabetic vs. non-diabetic patients undergoing lipid-lowering therapy: a study based on 3D intravascular ultrasound and virtual histology Journal Article


Authors: Kovarnik, T; Chen, Z; Mintz, G. S.; Wahle, A; Bayerova, K.; Kral, A.; Chval, M.; Kopriva, K.; Lopez, J; Sonka, M; Linhart, A.
Article Title: Plaque volume and plaque risk profile in diabetic vs. non-diabetic patients undergoing lipid-lowering therapy: a study based on 3D intravascular ultrasound and virtual histology
Abstract: BACKGROUND: Coronary atherosclerosis progresses faster in patients with diabetes mellitus (DM) and causes higher morbidity and mortality in such patients compared to non-diabetics ones (non-DM). We quantify changes in plaque volume and plaque phenotype during lipid-lowering therapy in DM versus non-DM patients using advanced intracoronary imaging. METHODS: We analyzed data from 61 patients with stable angina pectoris included to the PREDICT trial searching for prediction of plaque changes during intensive lipid-lowering therapy (40 mg rosuvastatin daily). Geometrically correct, fully 3-D representation of the vascular wall surfaces and intravascular ultrasound virtual histology (IVUS-VH) defined tissue characterization was obtained via fusion of two-plane angiography and IVUS-VH. Frame-based indices of plaque morphology and virtual histology analyses were computed and averaged in 5 mm long baseline/follow-up registered vessel segments covering the entire length of the two sequential pullbacks (baseline, 1-year). We analyzed 698 5-mm-long segments and calculated the Liverpool active plaque score (LAPS). RESULTS: Despite reaching similar levels of LDL cholesterol (DM 2.12 +/- 0.91 mmol/l, non-DM 1.8 +/- 0.66 mmol/l, p = 0.21), DM patients experienced, compared to non-DM ones, higher progression of mean plaque area (0.47 +/- 1.15 mm(2) vs. 0.21 +/- 0.97, p = 0.001), percent atheroma volume (0.7 +/- 2.8% vs. - 1.4 +/- 2.5%, p = 0.007), increase of LAPS (0.23 +/- 1.66 vs. 0.13 +/- 1.79, p = 0.018), and exhibited more locations with TCFA (Thin-Cap Fibro-Atheroma) plaque phenotype in 5 mm vessel segments (20.3% vs. 12.5%, p = 0.01). However, only non-DM patients reached significant decrease of LDL cholesterol. Plaque changes were more pronounced in PIT (pathologic intimal thickening) compared to TCFA with increased plaque area in both phenotypes in DM patients. CONCLUSION: Based on detailed 3D analysis, we found advanced plaque phenotype and further atherosclerosis progression in DM patients despite the same reached levels of LDLc as in non-DM patients. Trial registration ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01773512.
Keywords: Diabetes Mellitus; statins; atherosclerosis; Intravascular ultrasound
Journal Title: Cardiovascular diabetology
Volume: 16
Issue: 1
ISSN: 1475-2840; 1475-2840
Publisher: Unknown  
Journal Place: England
Date Published: 2017
Start Page: 156
End Page: 017-0637-0
Language: eng
DOI/URL:
Notes: LR: 20171220; ClinicalTrials.gov/NCT01773512; GR: R01 HL063373/HL/NHLBI NIH HHS/United States; GR: R01-HL63373/National Institutes of Health/United States; GR: R01 EB004640/EB/NIBIB NIH HHS/United States; GR: LH12053/Ministerstvo skolstvi, mladeze a telovychovy Ceske Republiky (CZ)/United States; GR: R01-EB004640/National Institutes of Health/United States; JID: 101147637; OTO: NOTNLM; 2017/09/09 00:00 [received]; 2017/11/14 00:00 [accepted]; 2017/12/08 06:00 [entrez]; 2017/12/08 06:00 [pubmed]; 2017/12/08 06:00 [medline]; epublish