Impact of Operating Room Environment on Postoperative Central Nervous System Infection in a Resource-Limited Neurosurgical Center in South Asia Journal Article


Authors: Chidambaram, S.; Vasudevan, M. C.; Nair, M. N.; Joyce, C; Germanwala, A. V.
Article Title: Impact of Operating Room Environment on Postoperative Central Nervous System Infection in a Resource-Limited Neurosurgical Center in South Asia
Abstract: BACKGROUND: Postoperative central nervous system infections (PCNSIs) are serious complications following neurosurgical intervention. We previously investigated the incidence and causative pathogens of PCNSIs at a resource-limited, neurosurgical center in south Asia. This follow-up study was conducted to analyze differences in PCNSIs at the same institution following only one apparent change: the operating room air filtration system. METHODS: This was a retrospective study of all neurosurgical cases performed between December 1, 2013, and March 31, 2016 at our center. Providers, patient demographic data, case types, perioperative care, rate of PCNSI, and rates of other complications were reviewed. These results were then compared with the findings of our previous study of neurosurgical cases between June 1, 2012, and June 30, 2013. RESULTS: All 623 neurosurgical operative cases over the study period were reviewed. Four patients (0.6%) had a PCNSI, and no patients had a positive cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) culture. In the previous study, among 363 cases, 71 patients (19.6%) had a PCNSI and 7 (1.9%) had a positive CSF culture (all Gram-negative organisms). The differences in both parameters are statistically significant (P lt; 0.001). Between the 2 studies, there was no change in treatment providers, case types, case durations, antibiotic administration practices, and patient demographics. CONCLUSIONS: The rates of PCNSI and positive CSF culture were significantly lower in our present cohort compared with the cohort in our previous study. The sole apparent change involves the air filtration system inside the neurosurgical operating rooms; this environmental change occurred during the 5 months between the 2 studies. This study demonstrates the impact of environmental factors in reducing infections.
Keywords: Postoperative Complications; Infection; cost analysis; Air filtration; Meningitis; Operating room environment; Resource limited; Clinical and Experimental Research
Journal Title: World neurosurgery
Volume: 110
ISSN: 1878-8769; 1878-8750
Publisher: Elsevier Inc  
Journal Place: United States
Date Published: 2018
Start Page: e239
End Page: e244
Language: eng
DOI/URL:
Notes: LR: 20180213; CI: Copyright (c) 2017; JID: 101528275; OTO: NOTNLM; 2017/06/28 00:00 [received]; 2017/10/24 00:00 [revised]; 2017/10/25 00:00 [accepted]; 2017/11/07 06:00 [pubmed]; 2017/11/07 06:00 [medline]; 2017/11/07 06:00 [entrez]; ppublish