Metal Artifact Reduction in Cone-Beam Computed Tomography for Head and Neck Radiotherapy Journal Article

Authors: Korpics, M; Johnson, P; Patel, R; Surucu, M; Choi, M; Emami, B; Roeske, J. C.
Article Title: Metal Artifact Reduction in Cone-Beam Computed Tomography for Head and Neck Radiotherapy
Abstract: PURPOSE: To evaluate a method for reducing metal artifacts, arising from dental fillings, on cone-beam computed tomography images. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A projection interpolation algorithm is applied to cone-beam computed tomography images containing metal artifacts from dental fillings. This technique involves identifying metal regions in individual cone-beam computed tomography projections and interpolating the surrounding values to remove the metal from the projection data. Axial cone-beam computed tomography images are then reconstructed, resulting in a reduction in the streak artifacts produced by the metal. Both phantom and patient imaging data are used to evaluate this technique. RESULTS: The interpolation substitution technique successfully reduced metal artifacts in all cases. Corrected images had fewer or no streak artifacts compared to their noncorrected counterparts. Quantitatively, regions of interest containing the artifacts showed reduced variance in the corrected images versus the uncorrected images. Average pixel values in regions of interest around the metal object were also closer in value to nonmetal regions after artifact reduction. Artifact correction tended to perform better on patient images with less complex metal objects versus those with multiple large dental fillings. CONCLUSION: The interpolation substitution is potentially an efficient and effective technique for reducing metal artifacts caused by dental fillings on cone-beam computed tomography image. This technique may be effective in reducing such artifacts in patients with head and neck cancer receiving daily image-guided radiotherapy.
Keywords: Radiation Oncology; head and neck cancer; CT; adaptive RT; artifact reduction; image-guided RT
Journal Title: Technology in cancer research treatment
ISSN: 1533-0338; 1533-0338
Publisher: Unknown  
Date Published: 2015
Language: ENG
Notes: LR: 20151129; CI: (c) The Author(s) 2015; JID: 101140941; OTO: NOTNLM; aheadofprint