Physical activity and pre-diabetes-an unacknowledged mid-life crisis: findings from NHANES 2003-2006 Journal Article

Authors: Farni, K.; Shoham, D. A.; Cao, G; Luke, A. H.; Layden, J; Cooper, R. S.; Dugas, L. R.
Article Title: Physical activity and pre-diabetes-an unacknowledged mid-life crisis: findings from NHANES 2003-2006
Abstract: The prevalence of pre-diabetes (PD) among US adults has increased substantially over the past two decades. By current estimates, over 34% of US adults fall in the PD category, 84% of whom meet the American Diabetes Association's criteria for impaired fasting glucose (IFG). Low physical activity (PA) and/or sedentary behavior are key drivers of hyperglycemia. We examined the relationship between PD and objectively measured PA in NHANES 2003-2006 of 20,470 individuals, including 7,501 individuals between 20 and 65 yrs.We excluded all participants without IFG measures or adequate accelerometry data (final N = 1,317). Participants were identified as PD if FPG was 100-125 mg/dL (5.6-6.9 mmol/L). Moderate and vigorous PA in minutes/day individuals were summed to create the exposure variable "moderate-vigorous PA" (MVPA). The analysis sample included 884 normoglycemic persons and 433 with PD. There were significantly fewer PD subjects in the middle (30.3%) and highest (24.6%) tertiles of PA compared to the lowest tertile (35.5%). After adjusting for BMI, participants were 0.77 times as likely to be PD if they were in the highest tertile compared to the lowest PA tertile (p 0.001). However, these results were no longer significant when age and BMI were held constant. Univariate analysis revealed that physical activity was associated with decreased fasting glucose of 0.5 mg/dL per minute of MVPA, but multivariate analysis adjusting for age and BMI was not significant. Overall, our data suggest a negative association between measures of PA and the prevalence of PD in middle-aged US adults independent of adiposity, but with significant confounding influence from measures of BMI and age.
Keywords: Public Health Sciences; NHANES; Physical activity; Pre-diabetes
Journal Title: PeerJ
Volume: 2
ISSN: 2167-8359
Publisher: Unknown  
Journal Place: United States
Date Published: 2014
Start Page: e499
Language: eng
Notes: LR: 20140903; JID: 101603425; OID: NLM: PMC4145065; OTO: NOTNLM; 2014 [ecollection]; 2014/01/13 [received]; 2014/07/11 [accepted]; 2014/08/19 [epublish]; epublish