Prospective Evaluation of Dual-Energy Imaging in Patients Undergoing Image Guided Radiation Therapy for Lung Cancer: Initial Clinical Results Journal Article


Authors: Sherertz, T; Hoggarth, M.; Luce, J.; Block, A. M.; Nagda, S.; Harkenrider, M. M.; Emami, B; Roeske, J. C.
Article Title: Prospective Evaluation of Dual-Energy Imaging in Patients Undergoing Image Guided Radiation Therapy for Lung Cancer: Initial Clinical Results
Abstract: PURPOSE: A prospective feasibility study was conducted to investigate the utility of dual-energy (DE) imaging compared to conventional x-ray imaging for patients undergoing kV-based image guided radiation therapy (IGRT) for lung cancer. METHODS AND MATERIALS: An institutional review board-approved feasibility study enrolled patients with lung cancer undergoing IGRT and was initiated in September 2011. During daily setup, 2 sequential respiration-gated x-ray images were obtained using an on-board imager. Imaging was composed of 1 standard x-ray image at 120 kVp (1 mAs) and a second image obtained at 60 kVp (4 mAs). Weighted logarithmic subtraction of the 2 images was performed offline to create a soft tissue-selective DE image. Conventional and DE images were evaluated by measuring relative contrast and contrast-to-noise ratios (CNR) and also by comparing spatial localization, using both approaches. Imaging dose was assessed using a calibrated ion chamber. RESULTS: To date, 10 patients with stage IA to IIIA lung cancer were enrolled and 57 DE images were analyzed. DE subtraction resulted in complete suppression of overlying bone in all 57 DE images, with an average improvement in relative contrast of 4.7 +/- 3.3 over that of 120 kVp x-ray images (P5 cc), with average relative contrast improvement ratios of 3.4 +/- 4.1 and 5.4 +/- 3.6, respectively. Moreover, the GTV was reliably localized in 95% of the DE images versus 74% of the single energy (SE images, (P=.004). Mean skin dose per DE image set was 0.44 +/- 0.03 mGy versus 0.43 +/- 0.03 mGy, using conventional kV imaging parameters. CONCLUSIONS: Initial results of this feasibility study suggest that DE thoracic imaging may enhance tumor localization in lung cancer patients receiving kV-based IGRT without increasing imaging dose.
Keywords: Aged; Female; Humans; Prospective Studies; Male; Feasibility Studies; Radiotherapy Planning, Computer-Assisted/methods; Radiation Dosage; Tumor Burden; Bone and Bones/radiography; Lung Neoplasms/pathology/radiography/radiotherapy; Radiography, Dual-Energy Scanned Projection/methods; Radiotherapy, Image-Guided/methods; Skin/radiation effects
Journal Title: International journal of radiation oncology, biology, physics
Volume: 89
Issue: 3
ISSN: 1879-355X; 0360-3016
Publisher: Elsevier Inc  
Date Published: 2014
Start Page: 525
End Page: 531
Language: ENG
DOI/URL:
Notes: CI: Copyright (c) 2014; JID: 7603616; 2013/08/30 [received]; 2014/03/03 [revised]; 2014/03/04 [accepted]; 2014/04/18 [aheadofprint]; ppublish