Simulation-based education with mastery learning improves paracentesis skills Journal Article


Authors: Barsuk, J. H.; Cohen, E. R.; Vozenilek, J. A.; O'Connor, L. M.; McGaghie, W. C.; Wayne, D. B.
Article Title: Simulation-based education with mastery learning improves paracentesis skills
Abstract: BACKGROUND: Paracentesis is a commonly performed bedside procedure that has the potential for serious complications. Therefore, simulation-based education for paracentesis is valuable for clinicians. OBJECTIVE: To assess internal medicine residents' procedural skills before and after simulation-based mastery learning on a paracentesis simulator. METHODS: A team with expertise in simulation and procedural skills developed and created a high fidelity, ultrasound-compatible paracentesis simulator. Fifty-eight first-year internal medicine residents completed a mastery learning-based intervention using the paracentesis simulator. Residents underwent baseline skill assessment (pretest) using a 25-item checklist. Residents completed a posttest after a 3-hour education session featuring a demonstration of the procedure, deliberate practice, ultrasound training, and feedback. All residents were expected to meet or exceed a minimum passing score (MPS) at posttest, the key feature of mastery learning. We compared pretest and posttest checklist scores to evaluate the effect of the educational intervention. Residents rated the training sessions. RESULTS: Residents' paracentesis skills improved from an average pretest score of 33.0% (SD = 15.2%) to 92.7% (SD = 5.4%) at posttest (P .001). After the training intervention, all residents met or exceeded the MPS. The training sessions and realism of the simulation were rated highly by learners. CONCLUSION: This study demonstrates the ability of a paracentesis simulator to significantly improve procedural competence.
Keywords: Leischner Institute
Journal Title: Journal of graduate medical education
Volume: 4
Issue: 1
ISSN: 1949-8349; 1949-8357
Publisher: Unknown  
Journal Place: United States
Date Published: 2012
Start Page: 23
End Page: 27
Language: eng
DOI/URL:
Notes: ID: 12705; LR: 20130416; JID: 101521733; OID: NLM: PMC3312528; 2011/07/01 [received]; 2011/09/01 [revised]; 2011/09/01 [accepted]; ppublish